It’s not uncommon for people to know that cranes transport materials from one location to another. What is less well-known is the fact that cranes come in an assortment of shapes and sizes. The exact crane that is utilized for a job is dependent upon the type of job that needs completed, and more specifically, the materials that need transported. These beasts of nature can be spotted from a variety of distances. They aren’t always on the same level as a skyscraper, or in other words, they aren’t always immense in size. Smaller materials don’t require as large of a crane, where as other larger job with heftier materials necessitate a bigger apparatus. When a crane is needed for a job, it’s important that crane installation requirements are well-understood.
Dating the entire way back to the Ancient Greeks, they established the idea of using a mechanical arm to move objects from one place to another. Later on, Romans took the ingenious apparatus and used it to construct aqueducts, roads, and other projects. This crane, known as a jib crane, or as a jib or boom, is one example of a type of crane. Primarily used for military vehicles and on industrial grounds, such as warehouses and docks, this type has an operating arm that extends horizontally and to which a hoist is attached. The hoist is attached to a wall or a floor-mounted pillar. This arm extends perpendicularly or at an acute angle from the point of attachment, allowing for movement in a full circle or limited arc.
If you are positive that your job requires a jib crane, a few points to consider when selecting a jib crane include:
- Characteristics and type of design of the crane
- The complete height and height under the boom (This is the distance from the floor to the underside of the boom. This plays a role in hoist size and necessary lifting height.)
- The overall cost of each jib crane
- The type and extent of the structural support that exits
- Cost of installation
- Current and future requirements needed to power the crane
There are several important parts of the crane that require an installation. First, and most significant, is the boom. The boom is the arm of the crane that supports the load. The mast is the part of the crane that creates the height of the apparatus. The next crucial crane part is the hoist trolley, which permits a simple crane to move laterally, making it more versatile. These three parts of the crane are the most significant, but there are other additions to the crane that will need assembled and installed in order to provide optimal function.
Installation doesn’t have to be extremely challenging as long as a few directions are followed. To begin the process, it’s helpful to assemble and install the head separately from the boom. Next, a bolted head or boom connection allows for separate installation while also ensuring optimum lift for the hoist. This can be installed near the underside of the lower ceiling obstruction, creating a larger amount of headroom. Finally, it may be helpful to assemble the bottom entry collector, which provides the option for adding power to the hoist in the 360° rotation. These are only a few of the tips that can be known in relation to the steps of installing a crane.
Once a crane is up and running, it’s key to be diligent with the maintenance and repairs. Maintaining a well-oiled machine will make your construction process more efficient, economical, and will prevent future issues.